Forms



Below are two lists which have the names of the forms we study, their meanings, and the belt rank at which we first study them at Two Rivers Martial Arts. The first list is for the ITF Forms and the second is for the WTF Forms.

ITF Forms



Rank

Form

Meaning

White
10th Gup
Chon-Ji
19 Movements
means literally "Heaven and Earth", and is in the Orient, interpretted as the creation of the world and the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern learned by the beginner. The pattern consists of two parts - one part to represent heaven, the other the earth.
Yellow
9th Gup
Dan-Gun
21 Movements
is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C.
Orange
8th Gup
Do-San
24 Movements
was the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang Ho (1876-1938) who devoted his life to furthering the education of Koreans and their independence movement.
Low Green
7th Gup
Won-Hyo
28 Movements
was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.
Low Blue
5th Gup
Yul-Gok
38 Movements
is the pseudonym if the great philosopher Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucious of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern represent his birthplace on the 38th parallel and the diagram represents scholar.
Brown
3rd Gup
Temporary
Chung-Gun
32 Movements
is named after the patriot An-Chung Gun who assisinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. The thirty-two movements in this pattern represent Mr. An's age when he was executed in Lui-Shung prison in 1910.
Brown
2nd Gup
Temporary
Toi-Gye
37 Movements
is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th Century) an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of this pattern represent his birthplace on the 37th parallel and the diagram means scholar.
Brown
1st Gup
Temporary
Hwa-Rang
29 Movements
is named after the Hwarangdo youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty around 620 A.D. This group eventually became the driving force in the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea (Silla, Kogoryu, and Baek Je).
Brown
1st Gup
Permanent
Chung-Mu
30 Movements
Chung-Mu is the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine in 1592 A.D. The reason this pattern finishes with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his loyalty to the king.


WTF Forms



The WTF forms practiced at Two Rivers Martial Arts are Pal-Gwe One through Pal-Gwe Eight, and Koryo. They are studied at our school according to the timetable below. The meanings of the WTF forms appear after the following table.

Rank

Form

Meaning

Varies Pal-Gwe One
(Il Jang)
20 Movements
Heaven: The first form represents the greatness of heaven and light. This form is powerful and aggressive and should be considered the source of creation.
High Yellow
9th Gup
Pal-Gwe Two
(Ee Jang)
20 Movements
Lake: The second form represents the treasures and mysteries of the lake. This form should be performed with ease and fluidity. This is an uplifting, serene and gentle form that should be performed forcefully but not aggressively. This form represents an awareness of your limitations and your ability to overcome or live within them.
High Orange
8th Gup
Pal-Gwe Three
(Sam Jang)
22 Movements
Fire: The third palgwe form represents the energy of fire or the sun. This form should be performed with warmth and enthusiasm. This form represents the characteristics of fire such as variety and passion. The movements should be executed with quick, rhythmic, unpredictable pace and styling.
High Green
6th Gup
Pal-Gwe Four
(Sa Jang)
24 movements
Thunder: The fourth form represents thunder (noise without substance) which is a powerful natural source that comes from the sky and is absorbed by the earth. This form should be performed with bravery and courage. This form contains movements that display calm composure and strong balance such as blocks in combination with strikes and front kicks that require you to use force but immediately recover into a back stance, the way a passing thunderstorm nourishes the earth.
High Blue
4th Gup
Pal-Gwe Five
(Oh Jang)
35 movements
Wind: The fifth palgwe form represents wind (substance without noise) which is a gentle force that can change directions and become destructive without warning. This form should be performed with movements that change from gentle to violent. The movements of this form are yielding yet penetrating, soothing yet destructive, invisible yet manifest. This form represents a humble state of mind which balances the contrasting elements of the wind, gentleness and power.
Brown
3rd Gup
Permanent
Pal-Gwe Six
(Yook Jang)
19 Movements
Water: The sixth form represents the liquidity and formlessness of water. Water flows around and absorbs things. It never loses its form. This teaches us that hardships and difficulties can be overcome by maintaining the natural flow, movement and integrity of water. This set of movements should be performed as though every action is exactly what is called for to overcome a situation at a particular moment in time.
Brown
2nd Gup
Permanent
Pal-Gwe Seven
(Chil Jang)
23 Movements
Mountain: The seventh form symbolizes the immovable mountain. This form is characterized by stability in which moving and stopping occur at the appropriate times and for the appropriate reasons. This pattern reflects the need to combine movement and non-movement in response to an attack. The stability of a mountain comes from structural soundness and a form that is noble and majestic.
Black
1st Dan
Temporary
Pal-Gwe Eight
(Pal Jang)
35 Movements
Earth: The eighth palgwe form represents the earth from which all all things are born, mature and die. It represents the end of the beginning as the platform from which the next level of growth can take place. It is the end of the cycle that begins the new cycle of forms. It is from here that everything grows.
Black
1st Dan
Temporary
Koryo
50 Movements
Koryo is the name of an ancient dynasty in the Korean peninsula. The English name of "Korea" originated from the name of this "Koryo" dynasty with which was famed for the valiant spirit of its people which tey defeated the Mongolian aggression. The Koryo Dynasty lasted from 935 to 1392 AD and was the first dynasty to unify all of the Korean peninsula. Koryo Poomsae is based on spirit of / sonbae(Sonbi) which was inherited from Koruryo to Balhae and to Koryo. Songae means strong martial art and honest spirit of scholars.


Pal-Gwe is descriptive of a world made up of elements both conflicting and harmonious, i.e. sky and earth, light and dark, man and woman, and good and evil. These elements meet and depart from one another according to the laws of nature, always growing and developing.
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